Choice of forum in online international contracts

Currently, the interfaces between international contracts, the transnationality of commercial relations and users’ rights have been increasingly significant. Consumer law and private international law, as areas of marked specificity and provided with their own languages, are gradually enclosing, with points of material and functional convergence. They are no longer admitted as merely watertight disciplines in…


CLOUD Act: an jurisdiction and human rights case

The Westphalian model of nation-state based on territorial sovereignty has undergone changes with the expansion and use of the internet, which is based on decentralization, openness, collaboration and cross-border movements between countries. With two very different logics, relations between states and the internet have undergone constant changes, leading to a number of discussions in courts…